CAR & TRAILER TRAINING (CATEGORY B+E)
Drivers who passed a car test PRIOR to 1st January 1997 were automatically issued with the full Category B+E Entitlement and can therefore drive a vehicle and trailer combination up to 8.25 tonnes.
Drivers who passed a car test on or after 1st January 1997 are required to pass an additional driving test in order to gain entitlement to drive a car and trailer (Category B+E).
Category B – Cars
Motor Vehicle with a Maximum Authorised Mass (MAM) of up to 3,500 Kg, no more than eight passenger seats with or without a trailer – weighing no more than 750 Kg
As Category B but with a trailer weighing more than 750 Kg.
The total weight of the vehicle and trailer together can’t weigh more than 3,500 Kg. The weight of the trailer when fully loaded can’t weight more than the un-laden weight of the vehicle.
Category B+E – Cars with Trailers
As Category B but with a heavier trailer that isn’t covered in descriptions for Category B
Example of category B+E: Motor vehicle with a MAM up to 3,500 kg towing a trailer of any weight over 750 kg.
THE CAR & TRAILER PRACTICAL TEST
There is no Theory test to be taken prior to car & trailer training, as this will have already been passed while undertaking car driver training.
The car and trailer test (B+E) is based on the lorry driving test and lasts for approximately one hour. Please note that B+E tests are conducted at vocational (bus and lorry) driving test centres.
The towing test (B+E) includes vehicle safety questions, an off-road reverse manoeuvre, a controlled stop, uncoupling and coupling of the trailer and driving on the road.
VEHICLE SAFETY CHECK QUESTIONS
These are basic safety checks that you should carry out to ensure the vehicle is safe for use. Although some checks may involve opening the bonnet to identify where fluid levels would be checked, you won’t be asked to touch a hot engine or physically check fluid levels.
As vehicle technology advances, more and more vehicles are being equipped with electronic diagnostic systems, which inform the driver of the state of the engine fluid levels and tyre pressures. It will be acceptable for you to refer to the vehicle information system (if fitted) when answering questions on fluid levels or tyre pressures.
You will be asked five questions, that will be a combination of ‘show me’ and ‘tell me’. A driving fault will be recorded for each incorrect answer to a maximum of four driving faults. If you answer all five questions incorrectly, a serious fault will be recorded.
PRACTICAL CAR & TRAILER TEST VEHICLE SPECIFICATION
Car and trailer test vehicles must be:
• fitted with externally mounted, nearside and offside mirrors for use by the examiner or any person supervising the test
• an unladen category B vehicle towing a suitably braked, unladen trailer of at least one tonne MAM – the examiner may ask for evidence of the trailer MAM eg the manufacturer’s plate
• fitted with an audible or visual device to indicate correct operation of the trailer indicators
All vehicle combinations must operate on appropriate brakes and utilise a coupling arrangement suitable for the weight.
The cargo compartment of the trailer must consist of a closed box body which is at least as wide and as high as the towing vehicle. The view to the rear should only be possible by use of the external rear-view mirrors of the towing vehicle.
If you have a suitable vehicle and trailer combination that meets the test specification, then we would be able to use your own vehicle and trailer to carry out the training & test.
Alternatively, DLT Training Ltd, have a vehicle and trailer combination that meets the DSA Test Specification and this can be used to carry out the training & test. The duration of the course will be dependant on the driver’s ability & experience, and an assessment prior to training will usually determine the length of the course. The general duration of course to get to test standard is usually 3 days.